About Us Portugal Fact Sheet

Embassy of India Lisbon



Official Name

Portuguese Republic




92,212 km2


Annual Average Temperature: 21.15 °C

Summer Average Temperature: 24.9 °C

Winter Average Temperature: 17.4 °C


10.2 million (10,276,617 as of end 2018)

(Source: National Statistics Institute - INE Portugal)

Currency Exchange rate with USD and INR

1 EUR = 1.1195 USD (2019 average)

1 EUR = 78.8361 INR (2019 average)


237,618 in 2019 (USD million)

1st quarter of 2020 – 54,955.9 (USD million)

(Source: National Statistics Institute - INE and Aicep)

GDP Growth Rate

0.9% (2014); 1.8% (2015); 1.5% (2016); 2.7% (2017); 2.1% (2018); 2.2% (2019)

(Source: INE Portugal)


6.5% (2019)

6.7% (1st quarter of 2020)

(Source: INE Portugal)

GDP Per Capita

22,196 (2018, USD)

22,961 (2019, provisional, USD)

(Source: Aicep)

Forest Cover

35.8% (as of July 2017)

3.2 million hectares

(Source: Agroportal, Portugal)

CO2 Emissions

51 MtCO2 (2018)

In 2018, Portugal registered the largest reduction in carbon dioxide emissions among European Union member states.

(Source: Global Carbon Atlas)

Tourist Arrivals

Total 26,985.5 million in 2019 (with a growth of 7.3% over 2018)

10,670.0 Residents in Portugal (with a growth of 7.5% over 2018)

16,315.5 Residents in foreign countries (with a growth of 7.1% over 2018)

Age profile

0-14 years: 15.34% (male 866,004/female 797,004)

15-24 years: 11.36% (male 653,672/female 577,800)

25-54 years: 41.72% (male 2,298,920/female 2,223,184)

55-64 years: 12.18% (male 617,036/female 702,992)

65 years and over: 19.4% (male 861,270/female 1,241,632)

(Source: Indexmundi, 2017 est.)

Life Expectancy

Total Population: 80.80 years

Male: 77.78 years

Female: 83.43 years

(2016-2018 triennium)

Languages (with %age of speakers, if available)

Portuguese (official), Mirandese (a dialect recognised officially as a minority language in 1999, used in Bragança district in north Portugal)

Ethnic Groups

Homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated from Angola, Mozambique and other Portuguese colonies in Africa numbering less than 100,000; Since 1990, East Europeans, South Americans and Asians have started immigrating to Portugal.

Main Religion (with %, if available)

Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%

(Source: 2011 Census)

Internet Penetration

8.01 million Internet users (June 30, 2019)

78.2 % penetration (June 2019)

5,800,000 Facebook subscribers (31 December 2018)

(Source: Internet World Stats)

Mobile Phones

119.1 p/ 100 inhabitants.( As on first semester of 2018)

(Source: National Authority for Communication (Anacom)


65% of total population (2018)

(Source: World Bank)

Total Trade (Goods and Services)

208,379 (USD million, 2019)

(Source: Aicep)

Exports (Goods and Services)

104,648 (USD million, 2019)

EU – 78,202 (74.7%)

Non-EU – 26,446 (25.3%)

(Source: Aicep)

Imports (Goods and Services)

103,732 (USD million, 2019)

EU – 79,184 (76.3%)

Non-EU – 24,547 (23.7%)

(Source: Aicep)


Political Structure

Parliamentary Democracy; Unicameral Parliament (Assembly of the Republic) with 230 seats; 18 Administrative Districts and 2 Autonomous Regions (Madeira and the Azores)

Head of State (President)

H.E. Dr. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

Head of Government

(Prime Minister)

H.E. Dr. António Costa

Minister of Foreign Affairs

H.E. Dr. Augusto Santos Silva

Political Issues

PM Costa’s Socialist Party (PS) was re-elected with a stronger mandate (22 more seats in the Parliament and a 36% vote-share) in Parliamentary elections on 6 October 2019, but fell short of an absolute majority by only 8 seats in the 230-member Portuguese Parliament. The PS decided not to renew the formal support agreements with the left-wing parties that had allowed it to govern the past four years. Instead, it is negotiating with other parties on an ad hoc basis in order to obtain the requisite support to enact legislation.


Bilateral Trade

USD 876.09 million (FY 2018-19)

(Source: DGFT, India)

Indian Exports

USD 743.27 million (FY 2018-19)

(Source: DGFT, India)

Imports into India

US$ 132.83 Million (FY 2018-19)

(Source: DGFT, India)

Major Items of Export and Import

Major articles imported by Portugal from India

Textiles & Apparels; Common Metals; Agriculture products; Chemicals; Plastic & Rubber; Footwear; Clothing; Machinery and Gadgets; Leather and related products; Optical and precision instruments.

Major articles exported by Portugal to India

Machinery and Appliances; Chemicals; Motor Vehicles, Other Transportation Equipment; Common Metals; Mineral and Ores; Plastic and Rubber; Mineral Fuels; Textiles and apparel; Paper and Paper Pulp; Wood and Cork; Leather and related products

Indian Origin / NRIs

Total Number of Indian Origin people: 90,000 (estimated)

Total Number of Indian Citizens legally residing in Portugal: approx.30,000

Indian diaspora (composition and any pertinent information that may be of interest)

Hindus (33,000)

Goans (mainly Catholics) (15,000)

Muslims (Sunnis) (12,000)

Sikhs (35,000)

Ismailis (5,000)

In recent years, the number of Indians (especially from Punjab/Haryana) has increased significantly owing to the easing of immigration norms by Portugal. However, since many of them do not have valid residency documents, official figures are not available.

Indian Organisations

Banks / PSUs / Gov. Organisations


Indian investments in Portugal

Around USD 350 million (estimated)

Investments include: The acquisition of Generis by Aurobindo Pharma (USD 150 million); MGM Group (USD 50 million) in the hotel industry; Indorama Group, owned by an Indian national, in the petrochemical sector (USD 55 million); Sakthi Auto in auto-components (USD 40 million), Zomato (USD 11 million); and a Tata Elxsi-NOS contract in the telecommunications sector (USD 2 million)

NB: All figures are approximate due to currency conversion.

Portuguese investments in India

Around USD 99.06 million (DPIIT data, Dec 2019)

Portugal ranks 50th in terms of overall FDI inflow into India (as of September 2019).

Investments include: A Birla-Visabeira joint venture in optical fiber cables in Odisha and West Bengal (USD 20 million); Vision-Box biometric systems at Bengaluru and New Delhi airports (USD 6 million); Portind Shoe Accessories/Soprefa (USD 4 million); Martifer Solar, EFACEC, etc.

NB: All figures are approximate due to currency conversion.

As of 11 June, 2020